The age of a woman most often gives out not the face, as is commonly believed, but the neck. This is where plastic surgery comes in.
Beauty and time are two eternal rivals, the confrontation of which in most cases ends in the victory of the latter. At the same time, the décolleté and neck areas are primarily targeted. How to prevent her premature aging with the help of plastics and what operations are considered the most effective - figured out together with a plastic surgeon, professor, doctor of medical sciences Igor Bely.
Why does the neck age earlier than other areas of the body?
The answer to this question lies in the peculiarities of human anatomy: under the skin of the neck is the platysma muscle, which is located in the center of the entire cervical surface (with the exception of a small triangular zone in the middle) - from the lower border of the clavicles to the lower jaw.
The peculiarity of this muscle is that it is very wide, thin and does not attach to the bone, which means that with age it quickly loses elasticity and firmness. In addition, it should be noted that it has few sebaceous glands and fatty deposits, which is why the skin of the neck is often prone to dryness and rapid formation of wrinkles. So what can be done to maintain the youth and beauty of this vulnerable area?
It is worth noting that plastic surgery is not always needed to eliminate problems in the cervical area. If you are not satisfied with the quality and texture of the skin or transverse wrinkles, it is better to first contact a beautician. But you need the help of a plastic surgeon to solvethe following problems:
- Fat deposits on the neck and chin (or second chin);
- Characteristic (vertical) strands on the neck;
- Skin folds, excess fat, weakened muscles.
If you have found one or more of these symptoms in yourself, welcome to a consultation with a plastic surgeon.
To solve the problem of excess fat and the second chin, liposuction is performed - vacuum removal of adipose tissue through small punctures. After such an operation, young skin, as a rule, gets the opportunity to contract on its own, while you only need to follow the recommendations of the surgeon and wear a special elastic bandage for some time. If we are talking about surgery on aging skin, liposuction should be done with an SMAS lift, because, unlike young skin, aging skin is difficult to contract on its own.
Another problem is vertical bands on the neck, which occur in patients of various ages with a deficiency of adipose tissue in the neck and chin. In this case, a muscle tightening, or platysmaplasty, is required. This is a rather complicated operation, and we call it a mini-lift only because it is performed through a small incision and does not require a long rehabilitation. At the same time, bruises on the neck can be hidden with a scarf, and you can go to work almost the next day after plastic surgery.
Platysmaplasty is almost always followed by an SMAS or endotin facelift, or at least a major thread neck lift. The fact is that this mini-plasty perfectly corrects the central region of the neck and almost does not affect the peripheral areas, which look "sagging" after the operation. SMAS-lift is necessary just to make up for this significant drawback.
Alternative to platysmaplasty
Of course, not all young girls are ready for such a voluminous operation, and in this case there is another lifting method that allows you to do without a thorough surgical intervention and additional sutures. It consists in the fact that the muscles are pulled not to the central line of the neck, but to the periphery. So, you can get a more beautiful and complete neck lift effect without unnecessary incisions.
What do middle-aged and older patients want? This is not only the elimination of excess adipose tissue or strands on the neck, but also the restoration of a clear line of the contour of the face and the elimination of flabbiness, skin folds, not only on the neck, but also in the area of \u200b\u200bthe "brills".
In this case, not only liposuction and / or platysmaplasty is required, but also a skin tightening. A correct and beautiful skin tightening on the neck can only be done together with the SMAS facelift. But even for older patients, such an operation can be performed without the use of long incisions (the suture will be "hidden" in the crease behind the ear).
P. S. If you are thinking about lifting the skin of the neck, do not forget that this area is not a separate part of the body that is not associated with the face, so most often this procedure should be done in conjunction with a facelift to achieve the most effective result. When choosing a specific method for solving a problem, it is best to consult with a specialist.
5 effective procedures for perfecting the skin of the neck and décolleté area
Often, from all anti-age procedures, the neck and décolleté area at best gets the remains of a night face cream, or even nothing at all. But if you persistently ignore the needs of the skin of these delicate areas, you can get a strange (and sometimes scary) unnatural effect of a youthful face on a flabby neck.
First of all, the neck and décolleté zones are, respectively, the areas from the chin to the collarbones and from the collarbones to the upper border of the mammary glands (the one that remains open after you put on a bra). The skin here is thin and delicate, practically devoid of subcutaneous fat (especially on the chest), as a rule, prone to dryness and sagging. Lack of care, lack of moisture, excessive use of sunburn, the habit of sleeping on your side - a number of factors lead to the fact that by the age of 30, the natural "rings of Venus" on the neck can turn into an unaesthetic "corrugation", and coarse vertical wrinkles on the decollete become a continuation of the delicateseductive cleavage on the chest. What needs to be done to prevent this from happening, and what to do when troubles are already visible on the horizon? We deal with Irina Nikolaevna Ivanova, doctor of the highest category, professional cosmetologist-dermatologist of the clinic
The skin of the neck and décolleté requires exactly the same complete care as the skin of the face. If you start taking care of her health and condition in advance, you can avoid big problems in the future. So, one of the main reasons for the appearance of early wrinkles is dehydration of the skin. Often it is caused by active exposure to the sun. Remember that ultraviolet rays accelerate the aging of the skin many times over and protect it with creams with SPF filters (you should definitely do this in spring and summer)! Ideal for preventing dehydration at a young ageplasmolifting. What is she like? Blood is taken from a vein, placed in a special centrifuge. The resulting own plasma is injected into the skin of the face, neck and décolleté. It has been proven that plasmolifting stimulates the production of collagen, and as a result, not only does the skin moisturize, but also maintains its density and elasticity. And most importantly, that all this is achieved thanks to the body's own resources. Plasmolifting is carried out in a course of 4-5 procedures 1-2 times a year, depending on the initial condition of the skin and its needs.
By the age of 30, signs of aging become more noticeable: some flabbiness of the skin appears, physiological folds deepen, "sleep wrinkles" form. Dry skin becomes a constant problem, and moisturizers no longer solve it. There is a need for more serious therapy - deep hydration and stimulation of collagen production. The procedure is perfect for this. biorevitalization– injections of hyaluronic acid (one molecule of hyaluronic acid is capable of holding from 100 to 800 water molecules! ) often with the addition of certain vitamins, trace elements, amino acids and growth factors. Today, many manufacturers of high-quality injectables produce biorevitalizants (the same hyaluronic acid or cocktails based on it) with a volume of 1. 5-3 ml - this amount is enough to "moisturize" not only the face, but also the neck and decollete areas. Of course, a long-term optimal effect is achieved through a course of procedures. For example, for biorevitalization it is 3-5 procedures 1-2 times a year. Reduce the depth of wrinkles and "tighten" the skin will helpbioreinforcement- injections of fillers based on hyaluronic acid or calcium hydroxyapatite. Working in deep layers, they fill wrinkles from the inside, recreating the natural skin frame, and stimulate collagenogenesis, which gives a long-term and beautiful aesthetic result.
The main skin problems after forty are deep, pronounced wrinkles and loss of elasticity. At this age, biorevitalization alone will not be enough to maintain youth and beauty of the skin of the neck and décolleté area. Will helplaser fractional resurfacing. The method is traumatic and requires rehabilitation of about 6-7 days, but today it is one of the best in the fight against skin aging. In fact, the procedure consists of many controlled laser burns, followed by active recovery. As a result, flabbiness and sagging of the skin gradually disappears on the neck, and the depth of physiological folds and "sleep wrinkles" in the decollete area decreases. Depending on the condition of the skin, the procedure can be performed once or as a course, but only in the autumn-winter period. If you combine it with moisturizing procedures and complement it with filler injections, you can get almost perfect - velvety, toned and elastic - skin. In addition, to tighten the skin of the neck, you can usemesothreads- absorbable threads that are injected subcutaneously and allow you to create a "frame" and improve the shape of the face.